In nutrition, diet is the sum of food consumed by a person or other organism.
Dietary habits are the habitual decisions an individual or culture makes when choosing what foods to eat. The word diet often implies the use of specific intake of nutrition for health or weight-management reasons (with the two often being related). Although humans are omnivores, each culture and each person holds some food preferences or some food taboos. This may be due to personal tastes or ethical reasons. Individual dietary choices may be more or less healthy.
Proper nutrition requires ingestion and absorption of vitamins, minerals, elements, and food energy in the form of carbohydrates, proteins, and good fats and oils.
Dietary habits and choices play a significant role in the quality of life, health and longevity. It can define cultures and play a role in religion.